After India`s independence, the recruitment of Gurkha soldiers was organized as part of the 1947 tripartite agreement between Nepal, India and Great Britain. The agreement also paved the way for the distribution between India and Great Britain of existing Gurkha brigades serving in British India. Thus, the 2nd, 6th, 7th and 10th Gurkha rifles were part of the British Army after India`s independence, the rest being retained by independent India. The tripartite pact between Nepal, India and Great Britain ensures that all benefits, allowances, institutions and pension schemes of Nepalis serving in the British and Indian armies will be equivalent to those of British and Indian citizens. However, Gurkha veterans have long argued that Britain has discriminatory remuneration policies. The tripartite agreement between the United Kingdom, India and Nepal was a treaty signed in 1947 on the rights of gurkhas recruited into the military service of the United Kingdom and India.  This agreement does not apply to gurkhas employed by the Nepalese army. As part of the agreement, 4 Gurkha regiments of the British Army were transferred to the British Army and 6 joined the Indian Army.  From 2020, India has 39 Gorkha battalions serving in 7 Gorkha regiments.
 Those who were transferred to the British Army were sent to other remaining British colonies. In Malaya and Singapore, their presence was necessary in the Malaysian state of emergency and they had to replace the Sikh unit in Singapore, which was returning to the Indian army to gain Indian independence. These units of Malaya (Malaysia and Brunei) and Singapore, after the independence of these British colonies, are still part of the armed forces of Brunei and Singapore. The agreement applies to the 3,500 Gurkhas who serve in the British Army and to nearly 40,000 Gurkhas in the Indian Army. It does not apply to the Gurkhas of the Nepalese Army. Last year, in December, Nepal said it wanted to review a military agreement allowing its citizens to be linked to the British army. Gyawali said the Nepalese government should also be part of the recruitment process, adding that the agreement should also take into account other issues such as pensions and other benefits, as they are not on an equal footing with their British counterparts. The agreements reached in the documents signed by the heads of the three delegations contain a number of details on which, after agreement in principle, further negotiations are needed to reach a final settlement. In addition, a referendum must be held in accordance with agreements between the three governments to determine the wishes of the men of eight regular Battalions of Gurkha rifles and their regime centres, who will be offered transfer to the service of the British Army. In these circumstances, the three governments agree that the publication of the texts of the documents until a final settlement includes not only the points already agreed in Kathmandu, but also the details still under negotiation, and until the outcome of the referendum is known, the publication of the texts of the documents would be premature and could be misleading.
It is significant to mention here that earlier this year Nepal proposed to the United Kingdom to review and replace with a bilateral agreement a 73-year tripartite agreement with India and Great Britain on the recruitment and sending of Gurkha soldiers, as well as their benefits and facilities.