The costs of offset are not even broken down in the FMS offer, and if the customer wants to discuss or simply know the costs of the offset, the customer should speak directly with the contractor and not with DSCA. In other words, the U.S. government cannot handle compensation; U.S. Defense Prime Contractors can and do. DSCA provided in its full manual details and analytical explanations for U.S. defense companies, such as offset to get different costs in their contracts and invoices.  Thus, even under FMS, the principal contractors can recover all costs “from all compensation related to these contracts.” Of course, “government agencies do not have the right to compel or compel U.S. companies to enter into an offset agreement.” In fact, during the Cold War, compensation had different functions and often U.S. government agencies were directly involved. With the end of the Cold War, President Bush also ended the responsibility of the American authorities for sensitive practices such as offsets (1990), because they lost the primary political value they had during the Cold War.  No official directive. The Ministry of Defence is competent, but compensation goes through UKTI, UK Trade and Investment, under the direction of the Minister of State for Trade, Investment and Business. In 2007, the Prime Minister announced an amendment that transfers responsibility for defence trade from the Defence Export Services Organisation (DESO) to UK Trade and Investment (UKTI).
Since April 2008, UKTI DSO (Defence – Security Organization) has been responsible for supporting defence and security exports. The general threshold is 10 million pounds, but it has been set at 50 million gbp by bilateral agreements with Germany and France. The offset is usually about 100%, no multipliers. Offsets can be defined as provisions relating to an import agreement between a foreign exporting company or, possibly, a government acting as an intermediary and an importing government. The incentive of the exporter results from the conditioning of the main activity until the acceptance of the obligation to compensate.  Compensation agreements often include trade in military goods and services and are also referred to as industrial compensation, industrial cooperation, compensation, industrial and regional benefits, balances, fair return or balance, to define more complex mechanisms than counter-trade. Counter-commerce can also be considered one of the many forms of offset defence to compensate for a buying country.  Offsets are contractual commitments that are generally regulated by defence ministries or government partners and can take one of two forms. Direct agreements are agreements directly related to defence products sold. As part of its offer, Kongsberg Defence Systems has agreed to allocate on-site work and transfer certain technologies to the Polish Navy to support the sale of its naval Missile Coastal Defense Systems. Indirect offsets are agreements that are not related to defence products sold. Soukoï, one of Russia`s largest aircraft manufacturers, has transferred various space technologies to the Malaysian National Space Agency to honour its commitments to sell 18 Su-30MKM aircraft.
Compensation obligations are met by the proposal and allocation of “credits,” an accounting metric specific to these programs. In return, these credits can be earned with a “multiplier” or investment incentive reflecting the client`s desire to direct financing or services to specific sectors or economic initiatives. If, unlike the contract, a buying country relies too much on reinvestment, one can ignore the qualification of the participants to achieve how they are able to honour the compensations.